Western Australia (commonly abbreviated as WA) occupies the entire western third of the Australia continent. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, the Great Australian Bight and Indian Ocean to the south.
The first European to visit Western Australia was the Dutch people exploration Dirk Hartog, who visited the Western Australian coast in 1616. The British established a military outpost at King George Sound, near present-day Albany, Western Australia, in 1826, which was followed by the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829, including the townsite of the present-day capital, Perth.
Western Australia achieved self-government in 1890, and later Federation of Australia with the other British colonies in Australia in 1901. Today Western Australia's Economy of Western Australia mainly relies on mining, agriculture and tourism.
WA supplies 36% of Australia's overseas export and is the third largest iron-ore producer in the world.