Vancouver is a coastal city located in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada. It is named for Kingdom of Great Britain Captain (naval) George Vancouver, who explored and first mapped the area in the 1790s. The name ''Vancouver'' itself originates from the Dutch language "van Coevorden", denoting somebody from Coevorden, a city in the Netherlands.
Over the last 30 years, immigration has dramatically increased, making the city linguistically diverse; 52% do not speak English language as their first language. 48.9% have neither English nor French as their first language. Almost 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese people heritage.
From a logging sawmill established in 1867 a settlement named Gastown grew, around which a townsite named Granville, British Columbia arose. With the announcement that the railhead would reach the site, it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated as a city in 1886. By 1887, the Canadian Pacific Railway was extended to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient, Eastern Canada, and London.
While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making Tourism in Canada its second-largest industry.